Chemicals in the eye
Immediately flush the eye with water for at least 15 minutes. Place the eye under a faucet or shower, use a garden hose, or pour water into the eye from a clean container.
If you are wearing contact lenses, do not wait to remove the lenses. Begin flushing the eye immediately. This may wash the lens out of the eye.
Do not try to neutralize the chemical with other substances.
Do not bandage the eye.
Seek immediate medical attention after flushing.
Particles in the eye
Do not rub the eye.
Try to let your tears wash the speck out or irrigate the eye with an artificial tear solution.
Try lifting the upper eyelid outward and down over the lower eyelid to remove the particle.
If the particle does not wash out, keep the eye closed, bandage it lightly and seek medical care.
Blows to the eye
Gently apply a cold compress without putting pressure on the eye. Crushed ice in a plastic bag can be placed gently on the injured eye to reduce pain and swelling.
In cases of severe pain or reduced vision, seek immediate medical care.
Cuts and punctures to the eye or eyelid
Do not wash out the eye.
Do not attempt to remove an object that is stuck in the eye.
Cover the eye with a rigid shield, like the bottom half of a paper cup.
Seek immediate medical care.